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Provision of Pure Drinking Water

Adapted from content excerpted from Better Work, a partnership of IFC and the International Labour Organization

Drinking water is very important for all workers especially those in hot and humid climates. Heat causes dehydration which leads to fatigue, loss of concentration and loss of productivity.


✓ Helps workers to recover energy during long hour working days and increases productivity.

✓ Decrease in fatigue and work-related illnesses.

✓ Improved health conditions of workers leads to a decrease in absenteeism.

Good practices for provision of pure drinking water

• Workers must be provided with sufficient hygienic drinking water.

It must be put in a covered container with a spout at the bottom and not exposed to the sunlight

• Drinking water containers should be located close to the workstations, but not near sanitation facilities, dangerous machines, or areas where chemicals are used frequently. This is so that the water doesn’t get contaminated.

• If containers are not self-cooling, try to locate water in a relatively cool spot in the factory.

• If there is any doubt about water contamination, the water must be boiled or filtered before consumption.

• Only use piped water if it is guaranteed to be sanitary. Use signs to designate which water is safe to drink and which is not safe to drink.

• Workers should be provided with a proper place to store her/his drinking cup/bottle. This ensures that drinking water doesn’t spill on the work station.

• Use disposable cups or materials to minimize the spread of infection.

• Anticipate water consumption increase according to number of worked hours, number of employees, and outside temperature.


• Sign service contract with reputable drinking water companies.

• Organize drinking water stations away from dust, sunshine, rubbish, and toilets.

• Ensure that workers have equal access to drinking water usage with no undue restrictions.

• Regularly clean water containers, replace old cup/bottles, and change water filters.

• Drinking fountains are a hygienic solution for providing water nearby workstations.

Costs: Low

Copyright © 2010-2016, International Finance Corporation and International Labour Organization. All Rights Reserved.

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